Since the first national park was created at Yellowstone in the USA in 1872, over 8500 protected areas have been established worldwide. According to the latest European Environmental Agency report (October 2012) 21% of the 39 EEA countries in Europe had been protected. However, many of these protected areas exist only on paper, not on the ground. Most are suffering from a combination of threats, including pollution, over-exploitation, encroachment, poaching, and many others.

Michael Jungmeier will present his latest findings on the challenges of protected areas going forward into the 21st century as well as what focus protected areas should have to meet those challenges.

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